Wednesday, October 28, 2020

U.S. develops quantum computers to solve global problems

 American innovators are developing new types of computers to help solve some of the world’s most pressing problems.

Do you need to know whether this year's food production can meet your needs? How can a flight adjust its course quickly to avoid severe storms without being late?

Quantum computers with greater energy can perform data analysis and calculations at a faster speed than existing computers, which is expected to bring major changes to a wide range of fields from science, aviation to finance.

The US government in August invested $1 billion in advanced technology research, including quantum computers and artificial intelligence. Some American companies are already developing these highly advanced computers.

Honeywell (Honeywell) and IonQ, a start-up company located in College Park, Maryland, recently announced progress in quantum computer technology. These computers process information at the level of elementary particles such as electrons and photons. According to the Associated Press, they are faster than modern supercomputers.

IonQ said its technology is to perform complex calculations by aiming a laser at a single atom. Other companies, such as Google, IBM, and Rigetti Computing, are also developing quantum technology. Microsoft and Intel are investing in the education sector. They become members of public-private initiatives such as the National Q-12 Education Partnership , and are committed to nurturing Students' ability to use quantum computers.

Experts said that this technology still needs to be further improved.

On August 26, the White House announced that it would invest US$625 million in five quantum information science research centers across the country within five years. In addition, the US private industry and academia will provide 300 million US dollars for these centers.

U.S. Chief Technology Officer Michael Kratsios and Assistant to the President and Deputy Head of White House Policy Coordination Chris Liddell said in a statement on August 26, “It’s important that these Institutions reflect the unique way that the United States drives technological development through the free market. Each institution brings together the resources of the federal government, industry, and academia, so that we can use the full power and expertise of the U.S. innovation ecosystem."

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